Control correction systems
Depending on the vehicle equipment, these include:
- - ABS (anti-lock braking system);
- - ESC trajectory stabilization system with cornering control and traction control;
- - emergency braking assistance system;
- - hill start assist system
ABS (anti-lock braking system)
The anti-lock braking system prevents the wheels from locking under heavy braking, thus optimizing the braking distance and maintaining vehicle control
ABS makes it possible, during emergency braking, to avoid an obstacle without colliding with it.
However, this system can increase the braking distance, in particular with low grip (on wet and slippery roads, etc.)
Each time the system is activated, the brake pedal vibrates.
An anti-lock braking system cannot improve the traction characteristics of the wheels in any way.
Feature of all-wheel drive cars
In 4WD Lock mode, it can allow the wheels to be temporarily locked to optimize braking distance on very soft ground (snow, mud, sand, etc.)
Therefore, in case of emergency braking, you need to press the brake pedal hard and for a long time. There is no need to resort to intermittent pedaling.
ABS will adjust the force applied in the braking system
Violations of work;
- if the icons on the instrument panel light up () and ( ), accompanied by the messages "Check ABS", "Check brakes" and "Check syst. Stabilization": this means that the ABS, ESC and emergency braking system are disabled.
The normal operation of the braking system is always preserved;
- if icons are displayed on the instrument panel (), ( ), () and and the message "brakes failed" is displayed: this indicates a malfunction of the brake system
In both cases, you need to contact the manufacturer's service station
Emergency brake assist with electronic brake force distribution (depending on vehicle equipment)
The emergency braking system complements the ABS system and allows you to shorten the braking distance of the car
How it works
The system detects when emergency braking is performed.
In this case, the emergency braking system instantly develops maximum braking force, which allows you to quickly activate the ABS system
ABS braking mode is maintained as long as the brake pedal is depressed
ESC trajectory stabilization system with cornering control and traction control
The Trajectory Stability Control (ESC) system provides controllability of the car in extreme conditions (avoidance of collision with an obstacle, loss of traction when turning, etc.)
This system optimizes ESC action when understeer occurs (when the front wheels lose traction)
The traction control system reduces the slip of the drive wheels and improves the vehicle's handling when starting off, during sudden acceleration or braking
Disabling the ESC function
In some cases (when driving on very soft ground: snow, mud, sand, etc. or with snow chains on the wheels), the system may limit engine power to reduce wheel spin.
If the system is not needed, it can be turned off by pressing switch 1.
A lamp will come on on the instrument panel () and, depending on the vehicle's equipment, the message "stabilization system disabled"
When this function is turned off, the traction control system is disabled
ESC trajectory stabilization system with cornering control and traction control provide additional safety, so it is not recommended to turn these systems off while driving.
To return to the previous position as soon as possible, press switch 1 again.
Note: the system will automatically turn on when the ignition is turned on or when the speed exceeds about 50 km/h in AUTO and 2WD modes and about 60 km/h in 4WD Lock mode
How it works
A sensor on the steering wheel monitors the trajectory of the movement set by the driver. Other sensors installed in the car track the actual trajectory of movement.
The system compares the driver's control action with the actual trajectory of the car and, if necessary, corrects the trajectory by acting on the wheel brakes and/or changing the engine power.
When the system is turned on, a warning light will flash on the instrument panel ()
If the system detects a malfunction, warning lights will come on () and ( ) and, depending on the vehicle equipment, the message “Check the stabilization system” appears on the instrument panel.
In this case, the ESC trajectory stabilization system with cornering control and traction control are disabled.
If these indicators continue to be displayed on the dashboard with the ignition off and on, you need to contact the manufacturer's service station.
Hill start assist
Depending on the slope, this system assists the driver in starting off on a hill.
It prevents the car from rolling back, providing automatic braking of the car at the moment when the driver takes his foot off the brake pedal to transfer it to the accelerator pedal
The system operates when the manual transmission lever is in a position other than neutral (automatic transmission mode selector in a position other than N or P) and when the vehicle is stationary (brake pedal depressed)
The system holds the vehicle for about two seconds. Then the brakes are released, (the car moves depending on the slope)
The hill start assist cannot always prevent the vehicle from rolling back (on steep inclines, etc.)
In all cases, the driver can prevent the car from rolling back by pressing the brake pedal
Hill start assist should not be used for extended stops: use the brake pedal
This system is not designed to keep the vehicle stationary for long periods