We remove the starter if a malfunction occurs when starting the engine, when the defect clearly indicates a malfunction of the starter.
We install the car on a viewing ditch or lift and disconnect the negative battery terminal.
We remove the protection of the power plant (article - Removing the protection of the Nissan Almera power unit)
From the bottom of the car with a head of 8 and 10, unscrew the nuts for fastening the wire ends from the starter traction relay
And remove the wire ends from the contact bolts of the traction relay
On a car with a manual transmission, turn on the first gear
In the engine compartment, we set aside the air path resonator (article - Replacing the Nissan Almera air filter)
With a head for 13 with an extension, we unscrew the bolt 1 of the starter mounting, and with a head without an extension, two bolts 2.
Remove the starter
Checking the starter drive
Turn the drive gear with a screwdriver
The gear must rotate in one direction with the drive shaft, and in the other direction on the drive shaft.
Otherwise, the drive must be replaced.
Use a screwdriver to move the drive gear along the shaft
The gear should move easily along the shaft without jamming.
To check the starter, we connect the positive terminal of the battery to the upper contact bolt of the traction relay, and the negative terminal to the starter housing with wires for starting from external sources.
Use a screwdriver to bridge the upper contact bolt and the control output of the traction relay.
This should extend the drive gear and engage the starter motor.
Otherwise, we check the electric motor and the starter traction relay.
To check the electric motor, we connect the positive terminal of the battery to the lower contact bolt of the traction relay, and the negative terminal to the starter housing
In this case, the motor shaft must rotate.
If this does not happen, then the electric motor is faulty.
To check the traction relay, we connect the positive terminal of the battery with the control terminal of the traction relay (shown by the arrow), and the negative terminal to the starter housing.
The drive gear should pop out. If this does not happen, the traction relay is faulty.
Repair of the starter can be found in the article - "Removing and repairing the starter"
Install the starter in reverse order.