The body of the car is all-metal, with a supporting structure, such as a four-door sedan. The body frame includes a base, sidewalls, a roof and parts connected to each other by electric welding (spot, seam and arc)
The body is a non-separable structure with sufficient rigidity and bears all the vehicle units, body attachments and interior details.
Hinged units include side doors, hood, trunk lid (tailgate for hatchback cars), front fenders, front and rear bumpers.
Side doors, hood, trunk lid (tailgate) are hinged to the body, front fenders are bolted.
The side doors are equipped with sliding windows, and are also equipped with power windows for the front and rear doors (depending on the configuration).
Glass of side doors and sidewalls, rear glass curved, polished, tempered.
Three-layer windshield of Triplex type.
The windscreen and rear windows are glued into the corresponding body openings and are electrically heated.
Front and rear bumpers are plastic, painted in body color, attached to the body with screws and plastic caps.
Polymer energy-absorbing elements are installed under the bumpers.
The front seats are separate, with mechanical adjustment of their longitudinal position and backrest angle.
A mechanism for changing the height of the seat relative to the body floor is provided for the driver"s seat.
The seat headrests are easily removable, adjustable in height, installed on the backrests of all seats.
The back seat includes a cushion and two backrests.
If necessary, the backrests of the rear seat fold down in parts to increase the capacity of the luggage compartment (depending on equipment).
Seat belts for the driver and all passengers are inertial.
The driver and front passenger seats are equipped with seat belt pretensioners.
To improve the safety of passengers and the driver, the vehicle is equipped with a passive restraint system (SRS), which combines front airbags for the driver and front passenger.
In the COMFORT and FAMILY trim levels, the car is equipped with front side airbags and window airbags (curtains) that are deployed at the time of an accident.
An energy-absorbing instrument panel, a cigarette lighter, an ashtray, sun visors, a heating, air conditioning and ventilation system, a rear-view mirror, handrails are installed inside the car.
The volume, temperature, direction and intensity of air flows in the passenger compartment are controlled by switches installed in the heating (air conditioning) and ventilation system control unit, as well as knobs for adjusting the nozzles on the instrument panel.
Exhaust ventilation of the body is carried out through deflectors with valves, which are installed under the rear bumper.
Depending on the configuration, the car can be equipped with heated front seats, a centralized control system for locks for all doors with locking of all doors with a button on the driver"s door, power windows for the rear doors, and an electric boot lock.
The car is equipped with a removable front eyelet for towing.
Body control dimensions
Usually, the control dimensions of the body are needed to perform the work of the tinsmith after shock loads on the car body.
By the control points, you can determine in which direction to pull this or that body assembly
If there is a discrepancy, some dimensions may not fit a door or other body element
To measure the distances between points, special rulers are used.
Stretching body elements using special stands and jacks
In case of severe defects in some body elements, they are simply cut out, applying a hood before this, as far as possible and a new element is welded
Also, by the control points, you can determine the possibility of body restoration.
When the car is parked for a long time, do not cover the body with a cover made of dense material.
A cover soaked in the rain creates a steam "bath" when heated in the sun, the body paintwork under it can peel off and swell.
In addition, under gusts of wind, the cover moves and erases paint on protruding parts of the body.
Do not place rubber objects on the body. After a while, the rubber will leave indelible stains on the surface (especially light).
From time to time, run a thin metal strip between the side glass and the rubber door trim to remove dust, sand and protect the glass from scratches.
After washing, be sure to remove the rubber mats and dry the interior. Moisture under rugs is the main cause of floor corrosion.