The body of the car is all-metal, of a supporting structure, like a four-door sedan.
The body frame includes the base, sidewalls, roof and parts interconnected by electric welding (spot, seam and arc)
The body is a non-separable structure with sufficient rigidity, and carries all the units of the car, attachments of the body and interior details.
Attachments include side doors, hood, trunk lid (tailgate of hatchback vehicles), front fenders, front and rear bumpers.
Side doors, hood, trunk lid (tailgate) are hinged to the body, front fenders are bolted.
The side doors are equipped with sliding windows, and are also equipped with power windows for the front and rear doors (depending on the configuration).
The glass of the side doors and sidewalls, the rear glass are bent, polished, tempered.
Three-layer windshield type Triplex.
The windshield and rear window are glued into the corresponding openings of the body and are equipped with electric heating.
The front and rear bumpers are plastic, painted in body color, attached to the body with screws and plastic clips.
Polymer energy-absorbing elements are installed under the bumpers.
The front seats are separate, with mechanical adjustment of their longitudinal position and backrest angle.
For the driver's seat, a mechanism is provided for changing the height of the seat relative to the floor of the body.
Seat headrests are easily removable, height-adjustable, mounted on the backs of all seats.
The rear seat includes a cushion and two backrests.
If necessary, the rear seatbacks can be folded in sections to increase the capacity of the luggage compartment (depending on equipment).
The seat belts for the driver and all passengers are inertial.
The driver and front passenger seats are equipped with seat belt pretensioners.
In order to improve the safety of passengers and the driver, the car is equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS), which combines frontal airbags for the driver and passenger in the front seat.
In the COMFORT and FAMILY trim levels, the car is equipped with front side airbags and window airbags (curtains) that are activated at the time of an accident.
In the passenger compartment, an energy-absorbing instrument panel, a cigarette lighter, an ashtray, sun visors, a heating, air conditioning and ventilation system, a rear-view mirror, and handrails are installed.
The volume, temperature, direction and intensity of air flows in the car interior are regulated by switches installed in the control unit for the heating (air conditioning) and interior ventilation system, as well as by the knobs for adjusting the nozzles on the instrument panel.
Exhaust ventilation of the body is carried out through deflectors with valves, which are installed under the rear bumper.
Depending on the configuration, the car can be equipped with heated front seats, a centralized control system for locking all doors with blocking all doors with a button on the driver's door, power windows for the rear doors, and an electric tailgate lock.
The car is equipped with a removable front eyelet for towing.
Check dimensions of the body
Usually, the control dimensions of the body are needed to perform the work of a tinsmith after shock loads on the car body
By control points, you can determine in which direction to pull one or another body assembly
If there is a discrepancy, some dimensions may not fit the door or other body element
Special rulers are used to measure distances between points
The body elements are pulled out using special stands and jacks
In case of severe defects in some body elements, they are simply cut out, using an extract before that, as far as possible, and a new element is welded in
It is also possible to determine the possibility of restoring the body by the control points
Do not cover the body with a cover made of dense material when the car is parked for a long time.
A cover that gets wet in the rain creates a steam bath when heated in the sun, the paintwork of the body under it can peel off and swell.
In addition, under the gusts of wind, the cover moves and erases the paint on the protruding parts of the body.
Do not place rubber objects on the body.
After some time, the rubber will leave indelible spots on the coating (especially light ones).
From time to time, run a thin metal plate between the side glass and the rubber strip on the door to remove dust, sand and protect the glass from scratches.
After washing, be sure to remove the rubber mats and dry the interior.
Moisture under rugs is the main cause of floor corrosion.