Renault Duster cars are equipped with rack and pinion steering and power steering

The steering gear consists of two steering rods connected by ball joints to the levers of the steering knuckles of the front suspension

Automotive steering components: 1 - steering wheel, 2 - steering column, 3 - countershaft, 4 - power steering drain line, 5 - power steering reservoir, 6 - pressure line, 7 - power steering pump, 8 - radiator, 9 - power steering pressure line, 10 - right tie rod end, 11 - steering gear, 12 - left tie rod end

The steering mechanism is mounted on the front suspension subframe and secured to it with two bolts.

In the crankcase of the steering mechanism, the rack is pressed against the gear shaft by a spring through the stop.

Power steering car steering gear: 1 - left tie rod end, 2 - left tie rod, 3 - steering gear boot, 4 - pinion shaft, 5 - steering gear case, 6 - power steering connecting tubes, 7 - right steering rod, 8 - right tie rod end, 9 - seal

The side clearance between the gear and the rack is adjusted by rotating the adjusting plug, which compresses the spring.

Adjustment is carried out when assembling the steering mechanism at the factory.

The steering gear consists of two steering rods connected to the steering gear rack and steering knuckle levers.

Each rod is attached with its inner end to the steering rack through a non-separable ball joint - the threaded tip of the hinge is screwed into the hole in the rack.

Tie Rod Parts: 1 - Tie Rod End, 2 - Lock Nut, 3 - Spring Collar, 4 - Rubber Boot, 5 - Collar, 6 - Tie Rod

In the middle part of the steering rod there is a hexagon turnkey “13”, and on the outer end there is a thread onto which the rod end is screwed.

The tie rod end has a non-separable ball joint that does not require replenishment of the lubricant supply, which is embedded inside it for the entire service life.

The right and left tie rods are the same, but the ends are different.

The connection of the steering rack and the tie rod ball joint is protected from dirt and moisture by a corrugated rubber boot.

The cover is fixed with a steel disposable clamp on the steering gear housing, and the cover is held on the steering rod by a spring clamp - while the narrow belt of the cover must coincide with the groove made on the steering rod.

Steering column: 1 - steering column shaft, 2 - steering column tube, 3 - ignition switch socket, 4 - rear column mounting bracket, 5 - front column mounting bracket, 6 - upper universal joint, 7 - intermediate shaft, 8 - lower gimbal

The steering column shaft is attached to the steering gear shaft through an intermediate shaft with two cardan joints.

A steering wheel is mounted on the splines in the upper part of the steering column shaft.

The steering column is attached to the cross member bracket located under the instrument panel.

The power steering system includes: a steering gear, a pump, a radiator for cooling the working fluid, a reservoir for working fluid and connecting pipes of the lines.

Power steering pump

The pump is driven by a belt from the accessory drive pulley.

The hydraulic fluid from the reservoir enters the pump, and from it it is supplied under high pressure to the distribution device located in the steering gear housing anism and mechanically connected to the steering column shaft.

A hydraulic cylinder piston is fixed on the gear rack of the steering gear.

When the steering wheel is turned, the switchgear connects one of the hydraulic cylinder chambers to the pump discharge line, and the other chamber to the drain.

At the same time, due to the pressure difference of the working fluid, the hydraulic cylinder piston moves the rack to the left or right and through the steering rods, and the fist levers turn the steered wheels of the car.

A radiator is built into the hydraulic booster drain line to cool the working fluid.

The radiator is located behind the front bumper - mounted on the front suspension subframe in front of the air conditioning condenser and the radiator of the cooling system.

If the hydraulic booster fails, the ability to drive the car remains, but the force on the steering wheel increases.

The power steering reservoir is installed in the engine compartment - secured with a clamp to the radiator fan housing.

To control the liquid level, MIN and MAX marks are applied to the translucent body of the tank.

Possible steering problems and solutions

- Cause of malfunction


Increased steering wheel play and steering knock:

- Loosening the steering gear mounting bolts

Tighten the bolts

- Tie rod ball joint wear

Replace hinges

- Steering shaft universal joint wear

Replace steering shaft

Difficulty turning the steering wheel:

- Slippage of the power steering pump drive belt

Change the belt

- Damage to the pump drive belt

Change the belt

- Insufficient working fluid level

Restore the level to normal

- Air entering the hydraulic system

Remove the air

- Twisted or damaged hoses

Remove kinks or replace hoses

- Insufficient pressure of the power steering pump

Replace pump

- Increased internal leakage in the pump

Replace pump

- Fluid leaks from the steering gear

Replace defective parts

Fuzzy return of the steering wheel to the middle position:

- Difficulty turning internal joints or tie rod ends

Replace tie rod ends

- Steering rack deformation

Replace steering gear

- Gear bearing damage

Replace steering gear

- Twisted or damaged power steering hoses

Remove kinks or replace hoses

- Damage to the pressure control valve

Replace pressure control valve

- Damage to the pump rotor shaft bearing

Replace pump

Noise (knocking) in the steering:

Loosening the steering gear bolts

Tighten the bolts

Loose tie rods or ball joints

Tighten the nuts

Wear ball joints

Replace worn parts

Increased power steering pump noise

Insufficient fluid level

Restore fluid level to normal

Air entering the hydraulic system

Remove the air

Loosening the pump mounting bolts

Tighten the bolts