The piston pin is installed with an interference fit in the upper head of the connecting rod and rotates freely in the piston bosses.

The engines are equipped with SMP pistons.

Remove the piston rings using the piston ring pliers.

Piston pin removal: 1 - prism, 2 - mandrel

Install the piston assembly with connecting rod on the prism (1) of tool Mot574-22 (see fig. 1).

Align the piston pin with the pin exit hole in the prism (1).

Using a press, press out the piston pin with the drift (2) of tool Mot574-22.

After disassembling the connecting rod and piston group, it is necessary to carry out a series of measurements in order to reject worn parts.

Primary wear:

  • - piston rings: they are erased during operation, besides, they wear out along the width in the piston groove - change the rings as a set with each disassembly and assembly.
  • Do not change the rings more often than necessary: this accelerates the wear of the cylinder in the block;
  • - piston grooves for rings: if the width of the grooves is more than allowed, then both pistons and rings must be replaced;
  • - piston skirt (part of the outer cylindrical surface of the piston, located below the axis of the piston pin):
  • - during operation, the surface of the skirt is erased, located in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the piston pin - it is necessary to replace the piston;
  • - the piston pin hole in the piston is broken along the piston axis: if the gap is large, replace the piston;
  • - bushing in the upper head of the connecting rod: if worn, replace the bushing;
  • - piston pin: the place of contact with the connecting rod head and the place of contact with the piston bosses wear out. Should fit snugly (with an interference fit) in the upper head of the connecting rod.

In case of wear, when replacing pistons, connecting rods, upper connecting rod bushings - replace the piston pins;

  • - during operation, the connecting rods experience either compression or tension, so they, as a rule, lose their shape (bend, twist), do not straighten such connecting rods - change them immediately.
  • - rarely, but it happens that the connecting rod breaks or stretches the lower head (on the connecting rod journal of the crankshaft) - change damaged connecting rods.

The piston pin must match the diameter of both the upper head of the connecting rod and the hole for the piston pin.

The diameter of the piston must match the diameter of the cylinder in the block.

In the assembled form, the connecting rod + piston + piston rings units should not differ in weight by cylinders, the difference is not more than 6 g.

Otherwise, the engine will not work evenly enough, which eventually leads to fatigue failure of parts.

Position for measuring the piston diameter

Measuring the piston diameter should be done according to figure 2.

The piston diameter is measured at a distance X = 42.00±0.01 mm from the piston head.

The overall height of the piston is 55 mm.

Dimensional groups of pistons in table 1.


Piston diameter, mm







The piston pin is pressed into the upper head of the connecting rod and sits loosely in the piston bosses.

Piston pin size:

  • Length, mm: - 61.7 - 62.0;
  • Outer diameter, mm: - 19.986 - 19.991;
  • Inner diameter, mm: - 11.6 no more.
Piston ring locations: 1 - top compression ring, 2 - bottom compression ring, 3 - oil ring expander, 4 - oil ring discs

The location of the piston rings is shown in Figure 3.

Sizes of piston rings are shown in table 2.

Thickness, mm


in the castle, mm

Top compression ring 1



Lower compression ring 2



Oil ring expander 3



Oil ring disc 4



The wear of the ring around the perimeter is difficult to measure, so the gap in the lock of the ring is measured.

This gap allows the ring to expand normally when it heats up along with the engine, so it is by no means zero on a cold engine.

When the ring is worn around the perimeter, this gap increases, which is checked by measurement.

Checking the gaps in the piston ring lock: 1 - piston ring, 2 - piston, 3 - set of feeler gauges

Install the piston ring (1) in the cylinder (see fig. 4).

Advance the piston ring (1) to the middle of the cylinder using the inverted piston (2).

Measure the gap of the ring in the lock with a set of feeler gauges (3).

Replace the piston rings if the gaps are out of tolerance, if the gaps remain out of tolerance and with new rings (see tab. 2) replace the cylinder block.

Checking the piston ring clearance in the piston grooves

Thoroughly clean both the rings and the grooves of the pistons from resins, otherwise the measurement will be inaccurate.

Checking the gap between piston rings and piston grooves: A - wrong, B - right

Use a feeler gauge to check the clearances between the piston grooves and the piston rings (see fig. 5).

The gap for the upper compression ring should be between 0.04-0.08 mm.

The gap for the lower compression ring should be between 0.025-0.07 mm.

The gap for the oil scraper ring should be within 0.08-0.22 mm.

If the clearances are outside the specified limits, replace the piston rings or the piston with the piston pin and rings.