The front suspension of the car is independent, with four levers, shock struts, twisted cylindrical springs and a stabilizer bar

The main element of the front suspension is an amortstoyka, which combines the functions of a telescopic element of the guiding mechanism and a damping element of vertical vibrations of the wheel relative to the body

A twisted cylindrical spring and an upper support with a compression buffer are assembled on the shock absorber strut, through which the load is transferred to the car body

Design features of the front suspension Mazda 6

The shock strut is connected to the lower arm of the front suspension by the support of the shock strut

The rotary knuckle is connected to the lower lever by a bracket, and to the upper lever by a ball bearing

The lower lever is attached to the front suspension subframe with the help of silent blocks, and to the extension with bolts (two on the left and right sides)

The extension of the lower arm of the front suspension is attached to the subframe of the front suspension using a silent block with two bolts. The subframe, in turn, is attached to the body spars with bolts and nuts

The stabilizer bar with rubber bushings mounted on it is connected to the subframe by two brackets, and with the support of the shock absorber by stabilizer struts

The front wheel hubs are mounted on double row angular contact ball bearings

Checking the front suspension

We install the car on a lift or an observation ditch

Checking the front suspension

During maintenance, it is necessary to check the condition of the protective covers of the ball bearings

Checking the front suspension of the Mazda 6

We check whether there are cracks on the suspension parts or traces of hitting road obstacles or the body, deformations of levers, stabilizer bars and their racks, parts of the front of the body at the attachment points of nodes and suspension parts

We check the condition of the rubber-metal hinges, rubber pads, suspension ball joints and the condition of the upper supports of the suspension struts

Rubber-metal hinges and rubber pads must be replaced in case of ruptures and unilateral buckling of rubber, as well as cutting of their end surfaces

On rubber suspension parts are not allowed:

- signs of aging of rubber;

- mechanical damage

On rubber-metal suspension parts are not allowed:

- signs of aging, cracks, unilateral swelling of the rubber array;

- separation of the rubber array from the reinforcement

Checking the front suspension of a Mazda 6Checking the front suspension of the Mazda 6

We check the condition of the protective covers of the ball bearings of the lower and upper levers. If the covers are damaged, replace the ball bearings assembly

Rocking the wheel in the vertical plane, we check the ball bearings for the presence of backlash. If there are backlashes of ball fingers, replace the supports

When the front wheel is hanging out, it is difficult to distinguish the backlash in the hub bearings and ball bearings

Ask the assistant to press the brake pedal; if there is a backlash in this case, then the ball bearings are faulty

Checking the front suspension of a Mazda 6Checking the front suspension of a Mazda 6

We check the absence of backlash in the silent blocks and rubber bushings at the attachment points of the upper, lower levers and tripwires using the mounting blade

Check the condition of the struts and rubber cushions of the stabilizer bar by swinging the stabilizer bar up and down

Checking the front suspension of the Mazda 6

We check the condition of the amortstoyka protective casing

Check the shock absorber for tightness. Liquid leaks are not allowed

Defective or damaged parts are replaced

Possible malfunctions of the front suspension and ways to eliminate

Noise and knocking when driving a car

- loosening the attachment to the body of the stabilizer brackets and its struts to the lower suspension arm

Tighten the loose threaded connections

- wear of the rubber elements of the stabilizer and its racks

Replace worn parts Replacing the elements of the front suspension stabilizer Mazda 6

- wear of ball joints

Replace worn hinges

- wear of the front wheel hub bearings or loosening of the hub nut attachment

Replace the bearings or tighten the nut

- front suspension spring failure

Replace the spring Disassembly and assembly of the shock strut of the Mazda 6 car

- destruction of the amortstoyka compression buffer

Replace the compression buffer

- unacceptable imbalance of the front wheels

Balance the wheels

Driving the car away from straight-line traffic on a horizontal road

- unequal tire air pressure

Set normal tire pressure

- unequal spring draft

Replace the sagging spring

- significant difference in tire tread wear

Replace a worn tire

- violation of the angles of the longitudinal inclination of the axis of rotation of the front wheels

Adjustment of the angles of the longitudinal inclination of the axis of rotation of the front wheels is not provided by the design of the car

If the angle values do not fit within the permissible limits, it is necessary to tighten all front suspension fasteners and replace damaged or worn parts

- violation of the camber angles of the front wheels

The same as in the previous paragraph

- uneven stiffness of the side of the tire

Move the tire to the other side

Increased or uneven tire tread wear

- wheel alignment and mounting angles are broken

Adjust the convergence and eliminate the violation of the wheel mounting angles

- increased wear of the lower ball joints, steering rod joints and suspension silentblocks

Replace worn parts

- unacceptable wheel imbalance

Balance the wheels

- the body is deformed or suspension parts are damaged

Repair the body and replace the damaged parts

- the operation of the shock strut is disrupted

Replace the shock strut